This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the procedure for the withdrawal of a Member State from the Union and introduces a two-year countdown to withdrawal. Voting is done by „reinforced qualified majority“. The „qualified majority“ requires the approval of 55% of the Member States representing at least 65% of the total EU population. A „strengthened qualified majority“ requires that 72% of member states represent at least 65% of the population. This means that representatives of at least 20 of the remaining 27 Member States will be required to approve the VA. The Withdrawal Agreement will enter into force with the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight CET. From that date, the UK will no longer be an EU Member State and will be considered a third country. Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. L 29 31.01.19, pp.

7-187 On behalf of the European Union, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40], and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020[41]. [42] As a result, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, thus concluding the Agreement[43], allowing it to enter into force at 11.m GMT on 31 January 2020 on the date of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons was from cold to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. The Withdrawal Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft Withdrawal Agreement, which will allow the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines on the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK on 23 March 2018. The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. It includes civil rights, the financial regulation, a transition period, protocols on Ireland/Northern Ireland, Cyprus and Gibraltar, governance and other separation issues. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled „Agreement on the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community“[3][4], is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)[5], signed on 24 January 2020, which sets out the conditions for the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019[6] and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and to appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. .